Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64--70

Biominerals in restorative dentistry


Neeta Shetty, M Kundabala 
 Departments of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Manipal College of Dental Science, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Neeta Shetty
Departments of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Manipal College of Dental Science, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka
India

Restorative treatment strategies are being developed to repair and replace lost tooth structures and surrounding bone. The teeth under goes a constant cycle of demineralization and remineralization, but this natural remineralization process is inadequate to prevent progression of dental caries. Hence there is a need to supplement the tooth with a biomaterial which is bio inert or bioactive to remineralize, repair or regenerate the tissues of tooth. Calcium hydroxide is considered the gold standard material for repair of dentin, which is presently being replaced by materials with superior properties such as mineral trioxide aggregate. Biomaterials such as calcium phosphate cements are been advocated as bone substitute material because of properties such as biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and moldability. This review deals with the physiochemical properties of some of the biomineral based biomaterials which are currently used for repair, replacement or regeneration of hard tissues of teeth and bone. Clinical Relevance to Interdisciplinary Dentistry
  • Synthetic biomaterials containing biominerals are used in dentistry to repair and regenerate hard tissues of the teeth and bone.
  • Biomaterials containing biominerals are routinely used by specialist from various fields of dentistry such as restorative dentistry, periodontics and oral surgery.
  • Biomineral based biomaterials are used for direct and indirect pulp capping procedures, as an intracanal medicament in root canals, root perforation repair, periapical surgeries, repair of bony defects.



How to cite this article:
Shetty N, Kundabala M. Biominerals in restorative dentistry.J Interdiscip Dentistry 2013;3:64-70


How to cite this URL:
Shetty N, Kundabala M. Biominerals in restorative dentistry. J Interdiscip Dentistry [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Sep 20 ];3:64-70
Available from: http://www.jidonline.com/article.asp?issn=2229-5194;year=2013;volume=3;issue=2;spage=64;epage=70;aulast=Shetty;type=0