J Interdiscip Dentistry
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 125-130

Assessment of bone mineral density in pre- and post-menopausal women using densitometric software: A pilot study


1 Department of Prosthdontics and Oral Implantology, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
2 Deparmtent of Prosthodontics, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Pallavi Taneja
Department of Prosthdontics and Oral Implantology, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5194.181374

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Objectives: The density of available bone in the edentulous site of the patient is arguably the primary determining factors in predicting final prosthetic treatment outcome. The aim of the study was to compare and correlate the quality of mandibular bone with the help of densitometric software available in Kodak 9000C and to further substantiate the results, morphometric analysis using orthopantomograph (OPG) and quantitative ultrasound of calcaneus bone. Materials and Methods: Twenty premenopausal and twenty postmenopausal women were selected for the study with edentulous span in the mandibular second premolar and first molar region. Bone density of the edentulous span was calculated using the digital Kodak software 9000C for all the OPGs. Various radiomorphometric indices were measured on the OPG. Results were statistically analyzed. Results: The results proved that there was a statistically significant difference in the bone densitometric values for digital OPG readings, ultrasound values, mandibular cortical index, antegonial index, for pre- and post-menopausal women. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, the use of densitometric software yielded positive results. The results supported the fact that bone density reduces in postmenopausal women and can be used as an effective aid to quantify the bone mineral density which ultimately plays a significant role in prosthetic implant outcome. CLINICAL RELEVANCE TO INTERDISCIPLINARY DENTISTRY The use of densitometric software could be used independently to measure bone density in future. An integrated team approach between the implantologist, prosthodontist, and radiologist provides a customized treatment plan, thereby, optimal patient care.


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