J Interdiscip Dentistry
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 190-194

Idiopathic nonsyndromic tooth agenesis: A report of rare three


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Nobel Medical and Dental College and Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Biratnagar, Nepal
2 Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Nobel Medical and Dental College and Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Biratnagar, Nepal
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Nobel Medical and Dental College and Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Biratnagar, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Mamta Dali
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Nobel Medical and Dental College and Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Biratnagar
Nepal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5194.113257

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Tooth agenesis is a common developmental anomaly that appears in 2.2-10% of the general population (excluding agenesis of third molars). Congenital tooth agenesis can be either hypodontia (agenesis of fewer than six teeth excluding third molars) or oligodontia (agenesis of more than six teeth excluding third molars). Oligodontia can occur either as an isolated condition (nonsyndromic oligodontia) or it can be associated with cleft lip or palate and other genetic syndromes (syndromic oligodontia). The exact aetiology of oligodontia is unknown. The management includes various procedures such as restorative, surgical, and orthodontic to improve the aesthetics and function. This article reports rare three cases of congenitally missing permanent teeth with over-retained deciduous dentition and review the literature citing its etiology, clinical implications, and management. Clinical relevance to interdisciplinary dentistry
  • The timing of diagnosis is not only important for choosing an appropriate treatment plan, but also for obtaining successful treatment results.
  • The missing teeth, abnormal occlusion, or altered facial appearance may cause psychological distress in some or all patients.
  • Treatment includes multidisciplinary team approach of pedodontists, orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and prosthodontists to restore aesthetics, functional, and psychological reasons depending on the severity of the condition and patient's perceived need for care
  • The treatment not only improves speech and masticatory function, but also has psychological implications that may greatly help in regaining self-confidence.


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